Norman Badler


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A machine translation system from English to American Sign Language
Liwei Zhao | Karin Kipper | William Schuler | Christian Vogler | Norman Badler | Martha Palmer
Proceedings of the Fourth Conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas: Technical Papers

Research in computational linguistics, computer graphics and autonomous agents has led to the development of increasingly sophisticated communicative agents over the past few years, bringing new perspective to machine translation research. The engineering of language- based smooth, expressive, natural-looking human gestures can give us useful insights into the design principles that have evolved in natural communication between people. In this paper we prototype a machine translation system from English to American Sign Language (ASL), taking into account not only linguistic but also visual and spatial information associated with ASL signs.


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Narrated Animation: A Case for Generation
Norman Badler | Mark Steedman | Bonnie Lynn Webber
Proceedings of the Fifth International Workshop on Natural Language Generation


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The Conceptual Description of Physical Activities
Norman Badler
American Journal of Computational Linguistics (November 1975)