Oleksii Hrinchuk


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Leveraging Synthetic Targets for Machine Translation
Sarthak Mittal | Oleksii Hrinchuk | Oleksii Kuchaiev
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: ACL 2023

In this work, we provide a recipe for training machine translation models in a limited resource setting by leveraging synthetic target data generated using a large pre-trained model. We show that consistently across different benchmarks in bilingual, multilingual, and speech translation setups, training models on synthetic targets outperforms training on the actual ground-truth data. This performance gap grows bigger with increasing limits on the amount of available resources in the form of the size of the dataset and the number of parameters in the model. We also provide preliminary analysis into whether this boost in performance is linked to ease of optimization or more deterministic nature of the predictions, and whether this paradigm leads to better out-of-distribution performance across different testing domains.

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NVIDIA NeMo Offline Speech Translation Systems for IWSLT 2023
Oleksii Hrinchuk | Vladimir Bataev | Evelina Bakhturina | Boris Ginsburg
Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Spoken Language Translation (IWSLT 2023)

This paper provides an overview of NVIDIA NeMo’s speech translation systems for the IWSLT 2023 Offline Speech Translation Task. This year, we focused on end-to-end system which capitalizes on pre-trained models and synthetic data to mitigate the problem of direct speech translation data scarcity. When trained on IWSLT 2022 constrained data, our best En->De end-to-end model achieves the average score of 31 BLEU on 7 test sets from IWSLT 2010-2020 which improves over our last year cascade (28.4) and end-to-end (25.7) submissions. When trained on IWSLT 2023 constrained data, the average score drops to 29.5 BLEU.


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NVIDIA NeMo Offline Speech Translation Systems for IWSLT 2022
Oleksii Hrinchuk | Vahid Noroozi | Abhinav Khattar | Anton Peganov | Sandeep Subramanian | Somshubra Majumdar | Oleksii Kuchaiev
Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Spoken Language Translation (IWSLT 2022)

This paper provides an overview of NVIDIA NeMo’s speech translation systems for the IWSLT 2022 Offline Speech Translation Task. Our cascade system consists of 1) Conformer RNN-T automatic speech recognition model, 2) punctuation-capitalization model based on pre-trained T5 encoder, 3) ensemble of Transformer neural machine translation models fine-tuned on TED talks. Our end-to-end model has less parameters and consists of Conformer encoder and Transformer decoder. It relies on the cascade system by re-using its pre-trained ASR encoder and training on synthetic translations generated with the ensemble of NMT models. Our En->De cascade and end-to-end systems achieve 29.7 and 26.2 BLEU on the 2020 test set correspondingly, both outperforming the previous year’s best of 26 BLEU.


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NVIDIA NeMo’s Neural Machine Translation Systems for English-German and English-Russian News and Biomedical Tasks at WMT21
Sandeep Subramanian | Oleksii Hrinchuk | Virginia Adams | Oleksii Kuchaiev
Proceedings of the Sixth Conference on Machine Translation

This paper provides an overview of NVIDIA NeMo’s neural machine translation systems for the constrained data track of the WMT21 News and Biomedical Shared Translation Tasks. Our news task submissions for English-German (En-De) and English-Russian (En-Ru) are built on top of a baseline transformer-based sequence-to-sequence model (CITATION). Specifically, we use a combination of 1) checkpoint averaging 2) model scaling 3) data augmentation with backtranslation and knowledge distillation from right-to-left factorized models 4) finetuning on test sets from previous years 5) model ensembling 6) shallow fusion decoding with transformer language models and 7) noisy channel re-ranking. Additionally, our biomedical task submission for English Russian uses a biomedically biased vocabulary and is trained from scratch on news task data, medically relevant text curated from the news task dataset, and biomedical data provided by the shared task. Our news system achieves a sacreBLEU score of 39.5 on the WMT’20 En-De test set outperforming the best submission from last year’s task of 38.8. Our biomedical task Ru-En and En-Ru systems reach BLEU scores of 43.8 and 40.3 respectively on the WMT’20 Biomedical Task Test set, outperforming the previous year’s best submissions.


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Tensorized Embedding Layers
Oleksii Hrinchuk | Valentin Khrulkov | Leyla Mirvakhabova | Elena Orlova | Ivan Oseledets
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2020

The embedding layers transforming input words into real vectors are the key components of deep neural networks used in natural language processing. However, when the vocabulary is large, the corresponding weight matrices can be enormous, which precludes their deployment in a limited resource setting. We introduce a novel way of parameterizing embedding layers based on the Tensor Train decomposition, which allows compressing the model significantly at the cost of a negligible drop or even a slight gain in performance. We evaluate our method on a wide range of benchmarks in natural language processing and analyze the trade-off between performance and compression ratios for a wide range of architectures, from MLPs to LSTMs and Transformers.