Oren Pereg


2022

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Opinion-based Relational Pivoting for Cross-domain Aspect Term Extraction
Ayal Klein | Oren Pereg | Daniel Korat | Vasudev Lal | Moshe Wasserblat | Ido Dagan
Proceedings of the 12th Workshop on Computational Approaches to Subjectivity, Sentiment & Social Media Analysis

Domain adaptation methods often exploit domain-transferable input features, a.k.a. pivots. The task of Aspect and Opinion Term Extraction presents a special challenge for domain transfer: while opinion terms largely transfer across domains, aspects change drastically from one domain to another (e.g. from restaurants to laptops). In this paper, we investigate and establish empirically a prior conjecture, which suggests that the linguistic relations connecting opinion terms to their aspects transfer well across domains and therefore can be leveraged for cross-domain aspect term extraction. We present several analyses supporting this conjecture, via experiments with four linguistic dependency formalisms to represent relation patterns. Subsequently, we present an aspect term extraction method that drives models to consider opinion–aspect relations via explicit multitask objectives. This method provides significant performance gains, even on top of a prior state-of-the-art linguistically-informed model, which are shown in analysis to stem from the relational pivoting signal.

2021

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InterpreT: An Interactive Visualization Tool for Interpreting Transformers
Vasudev Lal | Arden Ma | Estelle Aflalo | Phillip Howard | Ana Simoes | Daniel Korat | Oren Pereg | Gadi Singer | Moshe Wasserblat
Proceedings of the 16th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: System Demonstrations

With the increasingly widespread use of Transformer-based models for NLU/NLP tasks, there is growing interest in understanding the inner workings of these models, why they are so effective at a wide range of tasks, and how they can be further tuned and improved. To contribute towards this goal of enhanced explainability and comprehension, we present InterpreT, an interactive visualization tool for interpreting Transformer-based models. In addition to providing various mechanisms for investigating general model behaviours, novel contributions made in InterpreT include the ability to track and visualize token embeddings through each layer of a Transformer, highlight distances between certain token embeddings through illustrative plots, and identify task-related functions of attention heads by using new metrics. InterpreT is a task agnostic tool, and its functionalities are demonstrated through the analysis of model behaviours for two disparate tasks: Aspect Based Sentiment Analysis (ABSA) and the Winograd Schema Challenge (WSC).

2020

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Syntactically Aware Cross-Domain Aspect and Opinion Terms Extraction
Oren Pereg | Daniel Korat | Moshe Wasserblat
Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

A fundamental task of fine-grained sentiment analysis is aspect and opinion terms extraction. Supervised-learning approaches have shown good results for this task; however, they fail to scale across domains where labeled data is lacking. Non pre-trained unsupervised domain adaptation methods that incorporate external linguistic knowledge have proven effective in transferring aspect and opinion knowledge from a labeled source domain to un-labeled target domains; however, pre-trained transformer-based models like BERT and RoBERTa already exhibit substantial syntactic knowledge. In this paper, we propose a method for incorporating external linguistic information into a self-attention mechanism coupled with the BERT model. This enables leveraging the intrinsic knowledge existing within BERT together with externally introduced syntactic information, to bridge the gap across domains. We successfully demonstrate enhanced results on three benchmark datasets.

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Exploring the Boundaries of Low-Resource BERT Distillation
Moshe Wasserblat | Oren Pereg | Peter Izsak
Proceedings of SustaiNLP: Workshop on Simple and Efficient Natural Language Processing

In recent years, large pre-trained models have demonstrated state-of-the-art performance in many of NLP tasks. However, the deployment of these models on devices with limited resources is challenging due to the models’ large computational consumption and memory requirements. Moreover, the need for a considerable amount of labeled training data also hinders real-world deployment scenarios. Model distillation has shown promising results for reducing model size, computational load and data efficiency. In this paper we test the boundaries of BERT model distillation in terms of model compression, inference efficiency and data scarcity. We show that classification tasks that require the capturing of general lexical semantics can be successfully distilled by very simple and efficient models and require relatively small amount of labeled training data. We also show that the distillation of large pre-trained models is more effective in real-life scenarios where limited amounts of labeled training are available.

2019

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Multi-Context Term Embeddings: the Use Case of Corpus-based Term Set Expansion
Jonathan Mamou | Oren Pereg | Moshe Wasserblat | Ido Dagan
Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop on Evaluating Vector Space Representations for NLP

In this paper, we present a novel algorithm that combines multi-context term embeddings using a neural classifier and we test this approach on the use case of corpus-based term set expansion. In addition, we present a novel and unique dataset for intrinsic evaluation of corpus-based term set expansion algorithms. We show that, over this dataset, our algorithm provides up to 5 mean average precision points over the best baseline.

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ABSApp: A Portable Weakly-Supervised Aspect-Based Sentiment Extraction System
Oren Pereg | Daniel Korat | Moshe Wasserblat | Jonathan Mamou | Ido Dagan
Proceedings of the 2019 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing and the 9th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (EMNLP-IJCNLP): System Demonstrations

We present ABSApp, a portable system for weakly-supervised aspect-based sentiment ex- traction. The system is interpretable and user friendly and does not require labeled training data, hence can be rapidly and cost-effectively used across different domains in applied setups. The system flow includes three stages: First, it generates domain-specific aspect and opinion lexicons based on an unlabeled dataset; second, it enables the user to view and edit those lexicons (weak supervision); and finally, it enables the user to select an unlabeled target dataset from the same domain, classify it, and generate an aspect-based sentiment report. ABSApp has been successfully used in a number of real-life use cases, among them movie review analysis and convention impact analysis.

2018

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SetExpander: End-to-end Term Set Expansion Based on Multi-Context Term Embeddings
Jonathan Mamou | Oren Pereg | Moshe Wasserblat | Ido Dagan | Yoav Goldberg | Alon Eirew | Yael Green | Shira Guskin | Peter Izsak | Daniel Korat
Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: System Demonstrations

We present SetExpander, a corpus-based system for expanding a seed set of terms into a more complete set of terms that belong to the same semantic class. SetExpander implements an iterative end-to end workflow for term set expansion. It enables users to easily select a seed set of terms, expand it, view the expanded set, validate it, re-expand the validated set and store it, thus simplifying the extraction of domain-specific fine-grained semantic classes. SetExpander has been used for solving real-life use cases including integration in an automated recruitment system and an issues and defects resolution system. A video demo of SetExpander is available at https://drive.google.com/open?id=1e545bB87Autsch36DjnJHmq3HWfSd1Rv .

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Term Set Expansion based NLP Architect by Intel AI Lab
Jonathan Mamou | Oren Pereg | Moshe Wasserblat | Alon Eirew | Yael Green | Shira Guskin | Peter Izsak | Daniel Korat
Proceedings of the 2018 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing: System Demonstrations

We present SetExpander, a corpus-based system for expanding a seed set of terms into a more complete set of terms that belong to the same semantic class. SetExpander implements an iterative end-to-end workflow. It enables users to easily select a seed set of terms, expand it, view the expanded set, validate it, re-expand the validated set and store it, thus simplifying the extraction of domain-specific fine-grained semantic classes. SetExpander has been used successfully in real-life use cases including integration into an automated recruitment system and an issues and defects resolution system.