Phil Hall


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SUPERB-SG: Enhanced Speech processing Universal PERformance Benchmark for Semantic and Generative Capabilities
Hsiang-Sheng Tsai | Heng-Jui Chang | Wen-Chin Huang | Zili Huang | Kushal Lakhotia | Shu-wen Yang | Shuyan Dong | Andy Liu | Cheng-I Lai | Jiatong Shi | Xuankai Chang | Phil Hall | Hsuan-Jui Chen | Shang-Wen Li | Shinji Watanabe | Abdelrahman Mohamed | Hung-yi Lee
Proceedings of the 60th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 1: Long Papers)

Transfer learning has proven to be crucial in advancing the state of speech and natural language processing research in recent years. In speech, a model pre-trained by self-supervised learning transfers remarkably well on multiple tasks. However, the lack of a consistent evaluation methodology is limiting towards a holistic understanding of the efficacy of such models. SUPERB was a step towards introducing a common benchmark to evaluate pre-trained models across various speech tasks. In this paper, we introduce SUPERB-SG, a new benchmark focusing on evaluating the semantic and generative capabilities of pre-trained models by increasing task diversity and difficulty over SUPERB. We use a lightweight methodology to test the robustness of representations learned by pre-trained models under shifts in data domain and quality across different types of tasks. It entails freezing pre-trained model parameters, only using simple task-specific trainable heads. The goal is to be inclusive of all researchers, and encourage efficient use of computational resources. We also show that the task diversity of SUPERB-SG coupled with limited task supervision is an effective recipe for evaluating the generalizability of model representation.


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SALA II Across the Finish Line: A Large Collection of Mobile Telephone Speech Databases from North and Latin America completed
Henk van den Heuvel | Phil Hall | Harald Höge | Asunción Moreno | Antonio Rincon | Francesco Senia
Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’04)

The SALA II project comprises mobile telephone recordings according to the SpeechDat (II) paradigm for several languages in North and Latin America. Each database contains the recordings of 1000 speakers, with the exception of US Spanish (2000 speakers) and US English (4000 speakers). A quarter of the recordings of each database are made respectively in a quiet environment (home/office), in the street, in a public place, and in a moving vehicle. This paper presents an evaluation of the project. The paper details on experiences with respect to the implementation of design specifications, speaker recruitment, data recordings (on site), data processing, orthographic transcription and lexicon generation. Furthermore, the validation procedure and its results are documented. Finally, the availability and distribution of the databases are addressed.

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Collection of SLR in the Asian-Pacific Area
Asunción Moreno | Khalid Choukri | Phil Hall | Henk van den Heuvel | Eric Sanders | Francesco Senia | Herbert Tropf
Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’04)

The goal of this project (LILA) is the collection of a large number of spoken databases for training Automatic Speech Recognition Systems for telephone applications in the Asian Pacific area. Specifications follow those of SpeechDat-like databases. Utterances will be recorded directly from calls made either from fixed or cellular telephones and are composed by read text and answers to specific questions. The project is driven by a consortium composed by a large number of industrial companies. Each company is in charge of the production of two databases. The consortium shares the databases produced in the project. The goal of the project should be reached within the year 2005.