Polykarpos Meladianos


2018

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Unsupervised Abstractive Meeting Summarization with Multi-Sentence Compression and Budgeted Submodular Maximization
Guokan Shang | Wensi Ding | Zekun Zhang | Antoine Tixier | Polykarpos Meladianos | Michalis Vazirgiannis | Jean-Pierre Lorré
Proceedings of the 56th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 1: Long Papers)

We introduce a novel graph-based framework for abstractive meeting speech summarization that is fully unsupervised and does not rely on any annotations. Our work combines the strengths of multiple recent approaches while addressing their weaknesses. Moreover, we leverage recent advances in word embeddings and graph degeneracy applied to NLP to take exterior semantic knowledge into account, and to design custom diversity and informativeness measures. Experiments on the AMI and ICSI corpus show that our system improves on the state-of-the-art. Code and data are publicly available, and our system can be interactively tested.

2017

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Multivariate Gaussian Document Representation from Word Embeddings for Text Categorization
Giannis Nikolentzos | Polykarpos Meladianos | François Rousseau | Yannis Stavrakas | Michalis Vazirgiannis
Proceedings of the 15th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Volume 2, Short Papers

Recently, there has been a lot of activity in learning distributed representations of words in vector spaces. Although there are models capable of learning high-quality distributed representations of words, how to generate vector representations of the same quality for phrases or documents still remains a challenge. In this paper, we propose to model each document as a multivariate Gaussian distribution based on the distributed representations of its words. We then measure the similarity between two documents based on the similarity of their distributions. Experiments on eight standard text categorization datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach in comparison with state-of-the-art methods.

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Real-Time Keyword Extraction from Conversations
Polykarpos Meladianos | Antoine Tixier | Ioannis Nikolentzos | Michalis Vazirgiannis
Proceedings of the 15th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Volume 2, Short Papers

We introduce a novel method to extract keywords from meeting speech in real-time. Our approach builds on the graph-of-words representation of text and leverages the k-core decomposition algorithm and properties of submodular functions. We outperform multiple baselines in a real-time scenario emulated from the AMI and ICSI meeting corpora. Evaluation is conducted against both extractive and abstractive gold standard using two standard performance metrics and a newer one based on word embeddings.

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Combining Graph Degeneracy and Submodularity for Unsupervised Extractive Summarization
Antoine Tixier | Polykarpos Meladianos | Michalis Vazirgiannis
Proceedings of the Workshop on New Frontiers in Summarization

We present a fully unsupervised, extractive text summarization system that leverages a submodularity framework introduced by past research. The framework allows summaries to be generated in a greedy way while preserving near-optimal performance guarantees. Our main contribution is the novel coverage reward term of the objective function optimized by the greedy algorithm. This component builds on the graph-of-words representation of text and the k-core decomposition algorithm to assign meaningful scores to words. We evaluate our approach on the AMI and ICSI meeting speech corpora, and on the DUC2001 news corpus. We reach state-of-the-art performance on all datasets. Results indicate that our method is particularly well-suited to the meeting domain.

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Shortest-Path Graph Kernels for Document Similarity
Giannis Nikolentzos | Polykarpos Meladianos | François Rousseau | Yannis Stavrakas | Michalis Vazirgiannis
Proceedings of the 2017 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing

In this paper, we present a novel document similarity measure based on the definition of a graph kernel between pairs of documents. The proposed measure takes into account both the terms contained in the documents and the relationships between them. By representing each document as a graph-of-words, we are able to model these relationships and then determine how similar two documents are by using a modified shortest-path graph kernel. We evaluate our approach on two tasks and compare it against several baseline approaches using various performance metrics such as DET curves and macro-average F1-score. Experimental results on a range of datasets showed that our proposed approach outperforms traditional techniques and is capable of measuring more accurately the similarity between two documents.