Rainer Malaka


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From sensors to sense: Integrated heterogeneous ontologies for Natural Language Generation
Mihai Pomarlan | Robert Porzel | John Bateman | Rainer Malaka
Proceedings of the Workshop on NLG for Human–Robot Interaction

We propose the combination of a robotics ontology (KnowRob) with a linguistically motivated one (GUM) under the upper ontology DUL. We use the DUL Event, Situation, Description pattern to formalize reasoning techniques to convert between a robot’s beliefstate and its linguistic utterances. We plan to employ these techniques to equip robots with a reason-aloud ability, through which they can explain their actions as they perform them, in natural language, at a level of granularity appropriate to the user, their query and the context at hand.


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Towards Measuring Scalability in Natural Language Understanding Tasks
Robert Porzel | Rainer Malaka
Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Scalable Natural Language Understanding (ScaNaLU 2004) at HLT-NAACL 2004


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Semantic Coherence Scoring Using an Ontology
Iryna Gurevych | Rainer Malaka | Robert Porzel | Hans-Peter Zorn
Proceedings of the 2003 Human Language Technology Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics