Renwei Wu


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Majority Rules Guided Aspect-Category Based Sentiment Analysis via Label Prior Knowledge
Lin Li | Shaopeng Tang | Renwei Wu
Proceedings of the 2024 Joint International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC-COLING 2024)

As an important fine-grained task of sentiment analysis, Aspect-Category based Sentiment Analysis (ACSA) aims to identify the sentiment polarities of pre-defined categories in text. However, due to subjectivity, the highly semantically similar text has polysemous sentiments to different people, leading to annotation difference. To this end, we propose a MAjority Rules Guided (MARG) for the profound understanding of this difference. Specifically, we firstly design a rule-based prompt generation, and then label word distribution is generated through an autoregression model for token-wise semantic consistency. Last but not least, the impact to the model caused by this commonly prevailing annotation difference can be mitigated by majority rules. 1) Our local majority rule is the ensemble of label word distributions, which alleviates the influence of the difference at the distribution generation stage. And 2) our global majority rule is the refinement based on the label prior knowledge of aspect categories, which further reduces the interference of the difference at the global data level. Conducted on four benchmark datasets, our MARG outperforms the state-of-the-art models by 2.43% to 67.68% in terms of F1-score and by 1.16% to 10.22% in terms of Accuracy.


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标签先验知识增强的方面类别情感分析方法研究(Aspect-Category based Sentiment Analysis Enhanced by Label Prior Knowledge)
Renwei Wu (吴任伟) | Lin Li (李琳) | Zheng He (何铮) | Jingling Yuan (袁景凌)
Proceedings of the 21st Chinese National Conference on Computational Linguistics

“当前,基于方面类别的情感分析研究旨在将方面类别检测和面向类别的情感分类两个任务协同进行。然而,现有研究未能有效关注情感数据集中存在的噪声标签,影响了情感分析的质量。基于此,本文提出一种标签先验知识增强的方面类别情感分析方法(AP-LPK)。首先本文为面向类别的情感分类构建了自回归提示训练方式,可以激发预训练语言模型的潜力。同时该方式通过自回归生成标签词,以期获得比非自回归更好的语义一致性。其次,每个类别的标签分布作为标签先验知识引入,并通过伯努利分布对其进行进一步精炼,以用于减轻噪声标签的干扰。然后,AP-LPK将上述两个步骤分别得到的情感类别分布进行融合,以获得最终的情感类别预测概率。最后,本文提出的AP-LPK方法在五个数据集上进行评估,包括SemEval 2015和2016的四个基准数据集和AI Challenger 2018的餐厅领域大规模数据集。实验结果表明,本文提出的方法在F1指标上优于现有方法。”