Sreeja Tar


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A Data-centric Framework for Improving Domain-specific Machine Reading Comprehension Datasets
Iva Bojic | Josef Halim | Verena Suharman | Sreeja Tar | Qi Chwen Ong | Duy Phung | Mathieu Ravaut | Shafiq Joty | Josip Car
The Fourth Workshop on Insights from Negative Results in NLP

Low-quality data can cause downstream problems in high-stakes applications. Data-centric approach emphasizes on improving dataset quality to enhance model performance. High-quality datasets are needed for general-purpose Large Language Models (LLMs) training, as well as for domain-specific models, which are usually small in size as it is costly to engage a large number of domain experts for their creation. Thus, it is vital to ensure high-quality domain-specific training data. In this paper, we propose a framework for enhancing the data quality of original datasets. (Code and dataset are available at We applied the proposed framework to four biomedical datasets and showed relative improvement of up to 33%/40% for fine-tuning of retrieval/reader models on the BioASQ dataset when using back translation to enhance the original dataset quality.