Stephen Beale


2014

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Time to Change the “D” in “DEL
Stephen Beale
Proceedings of the 2014 Workshop on the Use of Computational Methods in the Study of Endangered Languages

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Nominal Compound Interpretation by Intelligent Agents
Marjorie McShane | Stephen Beale | Petr Babkin
Linguistic Issues in Language Technology, Volume 10, 2014

This paper presents a cognitively-inspired algorithm for the semantic analysis of nominal compounds by intelligent agents. The agents, modeled within the OntoAgent environment, are tasked to compute a full context-sensitive semantic interpretation of each compound using a battery of engines that rely on a high-quality computational lexicon and ontology. Rather than being treated as an isolated “task”, as in many NLP approaches, nominal compound analysis in OntoAgent represents a minimal extension to the core process of semantic analysis. We hypothesize that seeking similarities across language analysis tasks reflects the spirit of how people approach language interpretation, and that this approach will make feasible the long-term development of truly sophisticated, human-like intelligent agents. The initial evaluation of our approach to nominal compounds are fixed expressions, requiring individual semantic specification at the lexical level.

2012

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Linguist’s Assistant: A Multi-Lingual Natural Language Generator based on Linguistic Universals, Typologies, and Primitives
Tod Allman | Stephen Beale | Richard Denton
INLG 2012 Proceedings of the Seventh International Natural Language Generation Conference

2011

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Linguist’s Assistant: A Resource For Linguists
Stephen Beale | Tod Allman
Proceedings of the 9th Workshop on Asian Language Resources

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Using Linguist’s Assistant for Language Description and Translation
Stephen Beale
Proceedings of the IJCNLP 2011 System Demonstrations

2008

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Language Understanding in Maryland Virtual Patient
Sergei Nirenburg | Stephen Beale | Marjorie McShane | Bruce Jarrell | George Fantry
Coling 2008: Proceedings of the workshop on Speech Processing for Safety Critical Translation and Pervasive Applications

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Resolving Paraphrases to Support Modeling Language Perception in an Intelligent Agent
Sergei Nirenburg | Marjorie McShane | Stephen Beale
Semantics in Text Processing. STEP 2008 Conference Proceedings

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Baseline Evaluation of WSD and Semantic Dependency in OntoSem
Sergei Nirenburg | Stephen Beale | Marjorie McShane
Semantics in Text Processing. STEP 2008 Conference Proceedings

2005

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Document Authoring the Bible for Minority Language Translation
Stephen Beale | Sergei Nirenburg | Marjorie McShane | Tod Allman
Proceedings of Machine Translation Summit X: Papers

This paper describes one approach to document authoring and natural language generation being pursued by the Summer Institute of Linguistics in cooperation with the University of Maryland, Baltimore County. We will describe the tools provided for document authoring, including a glimpse at the underlying controlled language and the semantic representation of the textual meaning. We will also introduce The Bible Translator’s Assistant© (TBTA), which is used to elicit and enter target language data as well as perform the actual text generation process. We conclude with a discussion of the usefulness of this paradigm from a Bible translation perspective and suggest several ways in which this work will benefit the field of computational linguistics.

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Semantically Rich Human-Aided Machine Annotation
Marjorie McShane | Sergei Nirenburg | Stephen Beale | Thomas O’Hara
Proceedings of the Workshop on Frontiers in Corpus Annotations II: Pie in the Sky

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Increasing Understanding: Interpreting Events of Change
Sergei Nirenburg | Marjorie McShane | Stephen Beale
Proceedings of OntoLex 2005 - Ontologies and Lexical Resources

2004

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OntoSem and SIMPLE: Two multi-lingual world views
Marjorie McShane | Margalit Zabludowski | Sergei Nirenburg | Stephen Beale
Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Text Meaning and Interpretation

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Evaluating the performance of the OntoSem semantic analyzer
Sergei Nirenburg | Stephen Beale | Marjorie McShane
Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Text Meaning and Interpretation

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Question answering using ontological semantics
Stephen Beale | Benoit Lavoie | Marjorie McShane | Sergei Nirenburg | Tanya Korelsky
Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Text Meaning and Interpretation

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OntoSem Methods for Processing Semantic Ellipsis
Marjorie McShane | Stephen Beale | Sergei Nirenburg
Proceedings of the Computational Lexical Semantics Workshop at HLT-NAACL 2004

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The Rationale for Building an Ontology Expressly for NLP
Sergei Nirenburg | Marjorie McShane | Stephen Beale
Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’04)

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Some Meaning Procedures of Ontological Semantics
Marjorie McShane | Stephen Beale | Sergei Nirenburg
Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC’04)

2003

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Operative strategies in ontological semantics
Sergei Nirenburg | Marjorie McShane | Stephen Beale
Proceedings of the HLT-NAACL 2003 Workshop on Text Meaning

1999

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Using computational semantics for Chinese translations
Evelyne Viegas | Wanying Jin | Stephen Beale
Proceedings of Machine Translation Summit VII

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Long time no see: overt semantics for Machine Translation
Evelyne Viegas | Wanying Jin | Stephen Beale
Proceedings of the 8th Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Languages

1998

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The Computational Lexical Semantics of Syntagmatic Relations
Evelyne Viegas | Stephen Beale | Sergei Nirenburg
COLING 1998 Volume 2: The 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

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The Computational Lexical Semantics of Syntagmatic Expressions
Evelyne Viegas | Stephen Beale | Sergei Nirenburg
36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Volume 2

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Representation and Processing of Chinese Nominals and Compounds
Evelyne Viegas | Wanying Jin | Ron Dolan | Stephen Beale
The Computational Treatment of Nominals

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De-Constraining Text Generation
Stephen Beale | Sergei Nirenburg | Evelyne Viegas | Leo Wanner
Natural Language Generation

1997

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If you have it, flaunt it: using full ontological knowledge for word sense disambiguation
Kavi Mahesh | Sergei Nirenburg | Stephen Beale
Proceedings of the 7th Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Languages

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Word sense disambiguation: why statistics when we have these numbers?
Kavi Mahesh | Sergei Nirenburg | Stephen Beale | Evelyne Viegas | Victor Raskin | Boyan Onyshkevych
Proceedings of the 7th Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Languages

1996

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PICARD: The Next Generator
Stephen Beale | Sergei Nirenburg
Eighth International Natural Language Generation Workshop (Posters and Demonstrations)

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Multilinguality and Reversibility in Computational Semantic Lexicons
Evelyne Viegas | Stephen Beale
Eighth International Natural Language Generation Workshop (Posters and Demonstrations)

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Two principles and six techniques for rapid MT development
Sergei Nirenburg | Stephen Beale | Stephen Helmreich | Kavi Mahesh | Evelyne Viegas | Rémi Zajac
Conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas

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Measuring Semantic Coverage
Sergei Nirenburg | Kavi Mahesh | Stephen Beale
COLING 1996 Volume 1: The 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

1994

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Integrating Translations from Multiple Sources within the PANGLOSS Mark III Machine Translation System
Robert Frederking | Sergei Nirenburg | David Farwell | Steven Helmreich | Eduard Hovy | Kevin Knight | Stephen Beale | Constantino Domashnev | Donalee Attardo | Dean Grannes | Ralf Brown
Proceedings of the First Conference of the Association for Machine Translation in the Americas