Tianyi Liu


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Learning Dynamic Representations for Discourse Dependency Parsing
Tianyi Liu | Yansong Feng | Dongyan Zhao
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2023

Transition systems have been widely used for the discourse dependency parsing task. Existing works often characterize transition states by examining a certain number of elementary discourse units (EDUs), while neglecting the arcs obtained from the transition history. In this paper, we propose to employ GAT-based encoder to learn dynamic representations for sub-trees constructed in previous transition steps. By incorporating these representations, our model is able to retain accessibility to all parsed EDUs through the obtained arcs, thus better utilizing the structural information of the document, particularly when handling lengthy text spans with complex structures. For the discourse relation recognition task, we employ edge-featured GATs to derive better representations for EDU pairs. Experimental results show that our model can achieve state-of-the-art performance on widely adopted datasets including RST-DT, SciDTB and CDTB. Our code is available at https://github.com/lty-lty/Discourse-Dependency-Parsing.


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Mitigating Inconsistencies in Multimodal Sentiment Analysis under Uncertain Missing Modalities
Jiandian Zeng | Jiantao Zhou | Tianyi Liu
Proceedings of the 2022 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing

For the missing modality problem in Multimodal Sentiment Analysis (MSA), the inconsistency phenomenon occurs when the sentiment changes due to the absence of a modality. The absent modality that determines the overall semantic can be considered as a key missing modality. However, previous works all ignored the inconsistency phenomenon, simply discarding missing modalities or solely generating associated features from available modalities. The neglect of the key missing modality case may lead to incorrect semantic results. To tackle the issue, we propose an Ensemble-based Missing Modality Reconstruction (EMMR) network to detect and recover semantic features of the key missing modality. Specifically, we first learn joint representations with remaining modalities via a backbone encoder-decoder network. Then, based on the recovered features, we check the semantic consistency to determine whether the absent modality is crucial to the overall sentiment polarity. Once the inconsistency problem due to the key missing modality exists, we integrate several encoder-decoder approaches for better decision making. Extensive experiments and analyses are conducted on CMU-MOSI and IEMOCAP datasets, validating the superiority of the proposed method.


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Distantly Supervised Relation Extraction using Multi-Layer Revision Network and Confidence-based Multi-Instance Learning
Xiangyu Lin | Tianyi Liu | Weijia Jia | Zhiguo Gong
Proceedings of the 2021 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing

Distantly supervised relation extraction is widely used in the construction of knowledge bases due to its high efficiency. However, the automatically obtained instances are of low quality with numerous irrelevant words. In addition, the strong assumption of distant supervision leads to the existence of noisy sentences in the sentence bags. In this paper, we propose a novel Multi-Layer Revision Network (MLRN) which alleviates the effects of word-level noise by emphasizing inner-sentence correlations before extracting relevant information within sentences. Then, we devise a balanced and noise-resistant Confidence-based Multi-Instance Learning (CMIL) method to filter out noisy sentences as well as assign proper weights to relevant ones. Extensive experiments on two New York Times (NYT) datasets demonstrate that our approach achieves significant improvements over the baselines.


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Regularized Attentive Capsule Network for Overlapped Relation Extraction
Tianyi Liu | Xiangyu Lin | Weijia Jia | Mingliang Zhou | Wei Zhao
Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

Distantly supervised relation extraction has been widely applied in knowledge base construction due to its less requirement of human efforts. However, the automatically established training datasets in distant supervision contain low-quality instances with noisy words and overlapped relations, introducing great challenges to the accurate extraction of relations. To address this problem, we propose a novel Regularized Attentive Capsule Network (RA-CapNet) to better identify highly overlapped relations in each informal sentence. To discover multiple relation features in an instance, we embed multi-head attention into the capsule network as the low-level capsules, where the subtraction of two entities acts as a new form of relation query to select salient features regardless of their positions. To further discriminate overlapped relation features, we devise disagreement regularization to explicitly encourage the diversity among both multiple attention heads and low-level capsules. Extensive experiments conducted on widely used datasets show that our model achieves significant improvements in relation extraction.


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Improving Abstractive Document Summarization with Salient Information Modeling
Yongjian You | Weijia Jia | Tianyi Liu | Wenmian Yang
Proceedings of the 57th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics

Comprehensive document encoding and salient information selection are two major difficulties for generating summaries with adequate salient information. To tackle the above difficulties, we propose a Transformer-based encoder-decoder framework with two novel extensions for abstractive document summarization. Specifically, (1) to encode the documents comprehensively, we design a focus-attention mechanism and incorporate it into the encoder. This mechanism models a Gaussian focal bias on attention scores to enhance the perception of local context, which contributes to producing salient and informative summaries. (2) To distinguish salient information precisely, we design an independent saliency-selection network which manages the information flow from encoder to decoder. This network effectively reduces the influences of secondary information on the generated summaries. Experimental results on the popular CNN/Daily Mail benchmark demonstrate that our model outperforms other state-of-the-art baselines on the ROUGE metrics.


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Neural Relation Extraction via Inner-Sentence Noise Reduction and Transfer Learning
Tianyi Liu | Xinsong Zhang | Wanhao Zhou | Weijia Jia
Proceedings of the 2018 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing

Extracting relations is critical for knowledge base completion and construction in which distant supervised methods are widely used to extract relational facts automatically with the existing knowledge bases. However, the automatically constructed datasets comprise amounts of low-quality sentences containing noisy words, which is neglected by current distant supervised methods resulting in unacceptable precisions. To mitigate this problem, we propose a novel word-level distant supervised approach for relation extraction. We first build Sub-Tree Parse(STP) to remove noisy words that are irrelevant to relations. Then we construct a neural network inputting the sub-tree while applying the entity-wise attention to identify the important semantic features of relational words in each instance. To make our model more robust against noisy words, we initialize our network with a priori knowledge learned from the relevant task of entity classification by transfer learning. We conduct extensive experiments using the corpora of New York Times(NYT) and Freebase. Experiments show that our approach is effective and improves the area of Precision/Recall(PR) from 0.35 to 0.39 over the state-of-the-art work.