Wei Hu


2022

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Implicit Relation Linking for Question Answering over Knowledge Graph
Yao Zhao | Jiacheng Huang | Wei Hu | Qijin Chen | XiaoXia Qiu | Chengfu Huo | Weijun Ren
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: ACL 2022

Relation linking (RL) is a vital module in knowledge-based question answering (KBQA) systems. It aims to link the relations expressed in natural language (NL) to the corresponding ones in knowledge graph (KG). Existing methods mainly rely on the textual similarities between NL and KG to build relation links. Due to the ambiguity of NL and the incompleteness of KG, many relations in NL are implicitly expressed, and may not link to a single relation in KG, which challenges the current methods. In this paper, we propose an implicit RL method called ImRL, which links relation phrases in NL to relation paths in KG. To find proper relation paths, we propose a novel path ranking model that aligns not only textual information in the word embedding space but also structural information in the KG embedding space between relation phrases in NL and relation paths in KG. Besides, we leverage a gated mechanism with attention to inject prior knowledge from external paraphrase dictionaries to address the relation phrases with vague meaning. Our experiments on two benchmark and a newly-created datasets show that ImRL significantly outperforms several state-of-the-art methods, especially for implicit RL.

2021

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融合XLM词语表示的神经机器译文自动评价方法(Neural Automatic Evaluation of Machine Translation Method Combined with XLM Word Representation)
Wei Hu (胡纬) | Maoxi Li (李茂西) | Bailian Qiu (裘白莲) | Mingwen Wang (王明文)
Proceedings of the 20th Chinese National Conference on Computational Linguistics

机器译文自动评价对机器翻译的发展和应用起着重要的促进作用,它一般通过计算机器译文和人工参考译文的相似度来度量机器译文的质量。该文通过跨语种预训练语言模型XLM将源语言句子、机器译文和人工参考译文映射到相同的语义空间,结合分层注意力和内部注意力提取源语言句子与机器译文、机器译文与人工参考译文以及源语言句子与人工参考译文之间差异特征,并将其融入到基于Bi-LSTM神经译文自动评价方法中。在WMT’19译文自动评价数据集上的实验结果表明,融合XLM词语表示的神经机器译文自动评价方法显著提高了其与人工评价的相关性。

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Knowing False Negatives: An Adversarial Training Method for Distantly Supervised Relation Extraction
Kailong Hao | Botao Yu | Wei Hu
Proceedings of the 2021 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing

Distantly supervised relation extraction (RE) automatically aligns unstructured text with relation instances in a knowledge base (KB). Due to the incompleteness of current KBs, sentences implying certain relations may be annotated as N/A instances, which causes the so-called false negative (FN) problem. Current RE methods usually overlook this problem, inducing improper biases in both training and testing procedures. To address this issue, we propose a two-stage approach. First, it finds out possible FN samples by heuristically leveraging the memory mechanism of deep neural networks. Then, it aligns those unlabeled data with the training data into a unified feature space by adversarial training to assign pseudo labels and further utilize the information contained in them. Experiments on two wildly-used benchmark datasets demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach.

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Knowing the No-match: Entity Alignment with Dangling Cases
Zequn Sun | Muhao Chen | Wei Hu
Proceedings of the 59th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and the 11th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (Volume 1: Long Papers)

This paper studies a new problem setting of entity alignment for knowledge graphs (KGs). Since KGs possess different sets of entities, there could be entities that cannot find alignment across them, leading to the problem of dangling entities. As the first attempt to this problem, we construct a new dataset and design a multi-task learning framework for both entity alignment and dangling entity detection. The framework can opt to abstain from predicting alignment for the detected dangling entities. We propose three techniques for dangling entity detection that are based on the distribution of nearest-neighbor distances, i.e., nearest neighbor classification, marginal ranking and background ranking. After detecting and removing dangling entities, an incorporated entity alignment model in our framework can provide more robust alignment for remaining entities. Comprehensive experiments and analyses demonstrate the effectiveness of our framework. We further discover that the dangling entity detection module can, in turn, improve alignment learning and the final performance. The contributed resource is publicly available to foster further research.

2020

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Global-to-Local Neural Networks for Document-Level Relation Extraction
Difeng Wang | Wei Hu | Ermei Cao | Weijian Sun
Proceedings of the 2020 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP)

Relation extraction (RE) aims to identify the semantic relations between named entities in text. Recent years have witnessed it raised to the document level, which requires complex reasoning with entities and mentions throughout an entire document. In this paper, we propose a novel model to document-level RE, by encoding the document information in terms of entity global and local representations as well as context relation representations. Entity global representations model the semantic information of all entities in the document, entity local representations aggregate the contextual information of multiple mentions of specific entities, and context relation representations encode the topic information of other relations. Experimental results demonstrate that our model achieves superior performance on two public datasets for document-level RE. It is particularly effective in extracting relations between entities of long distance and having multiple mentions.

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Knowledge Association with Hyperbolic Knowledge Graph Embeddings
Zequn Sun | Muhao Chen | Wei Hu | Chengming Wang | Jian Dai | Wei Zhang
Proceedings of the 2020 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP)

Capturing associations for knowledge graphs (KGs) through entity alignment, entity type inference and other related tasks benefits NLP applications with comprehensive knowledge representations. Recent related methods built on Euclidean embeddings are challenged by the hierarchical structures and different scales of KGs. They also depend on high embedding dimensions to realize enough expressiveness. Differently, we explore with low-dimensional hyperbolic embeddings for knowledge association. We propose a hyperbolic relational graph neural network for KG embedding and capture knowledge associations with a hyperbolic transformation. Extensive experiments on entity alignment and type inference demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of our method.

2019

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Leveraging Frequent Query Substructures to Generate Formal Queries for Complex Question Answering
Jiwei Ding | Wei Hu | Qixin Xu | Yuzhong Qu
Proceedings of the 2019 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing and the 9th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (EMNLP-IJCNLP)

Formal query generation aims to generate correct executable queries for question answering over knowledge bases (KBs), given entity and relation linking results. Current approaches build universal paraphrasing or ranking models for the whole questions, which are likely to fail in generating queries for complex, long-tail questions. In this paper, we propose SubQG, a new query generation approach based on frequent query substructures, which helps rank the existing (but nonsignificant) query structures or build new query structures. Our experiments on two benchmark datasets show that our approach significantly outperforms the existing ones, especially for complex questions. Also, it achieves promising performance with limited training data and noisy entity/relation linking results.

2008

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Modeling Chinese Documents with Topical Word-Character Models
Wei Hu | Nobuyuki Shimizu | Hiroshi Nakagawa | Huanye Sheng
Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Computational Linguistics (Coling 2008)