Wen-Ming Luh


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The Alice Datasets: fMRI & EEG Observations of Natural Language Comprehension
Shohini Bhattasali | Jonathan Brennan | Wen-Ming Luh | Berta Franzluebbers | John Hale
Proceedings of the 12th Language Resources and Evaluation Conference

The Alice Datasets are a set of datasets based on magnetic resonance data and electrophysiological data, collected while participants heard a story in English. Along with the datasets and the text of the story, we provide a variety of different linguistic and computational measures ranging from prosodic predictors to predictors capturing hierarchical syntactic information. These ecologically valid datasets can be easily reused to replicate prior work and to test new hypotheses about natural language comprehension in the brain.


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Differentiating Phrase Structure Parsing and Memory Retrieval in the Brain
Shohini Bhattasali | John Hale | Christophe Pallier | Jonathan Brennan | Wen-Ming Luh | R. Nathan Spreng
Proceedings of the Society for Computation in Linguistics (SCiL) 2018

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Modeling Brain Activity Associated with Pronoun Resolution in English and Chinese
Jixing Li | Murielle Fabre | Wen-Ming Luh | John Hale
Proceedings of the First Workshop on Computational Models of Reference, Anaphora and Coreference

Typological differences between English and Chinese suggest stronger reliance on salience of the antecedent during pronoun resolution in Chinese. We examined this hypothesis by correlating a difficulty measure of pronoun resolution derived by the activation-based ACT-R model with the brain activity of English and Chinese participants listening to a same audiobook during fMRI recording. The ACT-R model predicts higher overall difficulty for English speakers, which is supported at the brain level in left Broca’s area. More generally, it confirms that computational modeling approach is able to dissociate different dimensions that are involved in the complex process of pronoun resolution in the brain.

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The Role of Syntax During Pronoun Resolution: Evidence from fMRI
Jixing Li | Murielle Fabre | Wen-Ming Luh | John Hale
Proceedings of the Eight Workshop on Cognitive Aspects of Computational Language Learning and Processing

The current study examined the role of syntactic structure during pronoun resolution. We correlated complexity measures derived by the syntax-sensitive Hobbs algorithm and a neural network model for pronoun resolution with brain activity of participants listening to an audiobook during fMRI recording. Compared to the neural network model, the Hobbs algorithm is associated with larger clusters of brain activation in a network including the left Broca’s area.


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Modeling fMRI time courses with linguistic structure at various grain sizes
John Hale | David Lutz | Wen-Ming Luh | Jonathan Brennan
Proceedings of the 6th Workshop on Cognitive Modeling and Computational Linguistics