Yongbin Liu


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CoVariance-based Causal Debiasing for Entity and Relation Extraction
Lin Ren | Yongbin Liu | Yixin Cao | Chunping Ouyang
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2023

Joint entity and relation extraction tasks aim to recognize named entities and extract relations simultaneously. Suffering from a variety of data biases, such as data selection bias, and distribution bias (out of distribution, long-tail distribution), serious concerns can be witnessed to threaten the model’s transferability, robustness, and generalization. In this work, we address the above problems from a causality perspective. We propose a novel causal framework called c ̲ovariance and  ̲variance  ̲optimization framework (OVO) to optimize feature representations and conduct general debiasing. In particular, the proposed  ̲covariance  ̲optimizing (COP) minimizes characterizing features’ covariance for alleviating the selection and distribution bias and enhances feature representation in the feature space. Furthermore, based on the causal backdoor adjustment, we propose \\underlinevariance  ̲optimizing (VOP) separates samples in terms of label information and minimizes the variance of each dimension in the feature vectors of the same class label for mitigating the distribution bias further. By applying it to three strong baselines in two widely used datasets, the results demonstrate the effectiveness and generalization of OVO for joint entity and relation extraction tasks. Furthermore, a fine-grained analysis reveals that OVO possesses the capability to mitigate the impact of long-tail distribution.

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Causal Intervention-based Few-Shot Named Entity Recognition
Zhen Yang | Yongbin Liu | Chunping Ouyang
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2023

Few-shot named entity recognition (NER) systems aim to recognize new classes of entities with limited labeled samples. However, these systems face a significant challenge of overfitting compared to tasks with abundant samples. This overfitting is mainly caused by the spurious correlation resulting from the bias in selecting a few samples. To address this issue, we propose a causal intervention-based few-shot NER method in this paper. Our method, based on the prototypical network, intervenes in the context to block the backdoor path between context and label. In the one-shot scenario, where no additional context is available for intervention, we employ incremental learning to intervene on the prototype, which also helps mitigate catastrophic forgetting. Our experiments on various benchmarks demonstrate that our approach achieves new state-of-the-art results.


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Learn to Adapt for Generalized Zero-Shot Text Classification
Yiwen Zhang | Caixia Yuan | Xiaojie Wang | Ziwei Bai | Yongbin Liu
Proceedings of the 60th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 1: Long Papers)

Generalized zero-shot text classification aims to classify textual instances from both previously seen classes and incrementally emerging unseen classes. Most existing methods generalize poorly since the learned parameters are only optimal for seen classes rather than for both classes, and the parameters keep stationary in predicting procedures. To address these challenges, we propose a novel Learn to Adapt (LTA) network using a variant meta-learning framework. Specifically, LTA trains an adaptive classifier by using both seen and virtual unseen classes to simulate a generalized zero-shot learning (GZSL) scenario in accordance with the test time, and simultaneously learns to calibrate the class prototypes and sample representations to make the learned parameters adaptive to incoming unseen classes. We claim that the proposed model is capable of representing all prototypes and samples from both classes to a more consistent distribution in a global space. Extensive experiments on five text classification datasets show that our model outperforms several competitive previous approaches by large margins. The code and the whole datasets are available at https://github.com/Quareia/LTA.


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P-INT: A Path-based Interaction Model for Few-shot Knowledge Graph Completion
Jingwen Xu | Jing Zhang | Xirui Ke | Yuxiao Dong | Hong Chen | Cuiping Li | Yongbin Liu
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2021

Few-shot knowledge graph completion is to infer the unknown facts (i.e., query head-tail entity pairs) of a given relation with only a few observed reference entity pairs. Its general process is to first encode the implicit relation of an entity pair and then match the relation of a query entity pair with the relations of the reference entity pairs. Most existing methods have thus far encoded an entity pair and matched entity pairs by using the direct neighbors of concerned entities. In this paper, we propose the P-INT model for effective few-shot knowledge graph completion. First, P-INT infers and leverages the paths that can expressively encode the relation of two entities. Second, to capture the fine grained matches, P-INT calculates the interactions of paths instead of mix- ing them for each entity pair. Extensive experimental results demonstrate that P-INT out- performs the state-of-the-art baselines by 11.2– 14.2% in terms of Hits@1. Our codes and datasets are online now.


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Learning Topic Hierarchies for Wikipedia Categories
Linmei Hu | Xuzhong Wang | Mengdi Zhang | Juanzi Li | Xiaoli Li | Chao Shao | Jie Tang | Yongbin Liu
Proceedings of the 53rd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and the 7th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (Volume 2: Short Papers)