Yu Lin


pdf bib
Dual Contrastive Learning Framework for Incremental Text Classification
Yigong Wang | Zhuoyi Wang | Yu Lin | Jinghui Guo | Sadaf Halim | Latifur Khan
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2023

Incremental learning plays a pivotal role in the context of online knowledge discovery, as it encourages large models (LM) to learn and refresh knowledge continuously. Many approaches have been proposed to simultaneously preserve knowledge from previous tasks while learning new concepts in online NLP applications. In this paper, we primarily focus on learning a more generalized embedding space that could be better transferred to various downstream sequence tasks. The key idea is to learn from both task-agnostic and task-specific embedding aspects so that the inherent challenge of catastrophic forgetting that arises in incremental learning scenarios can be addressed with a more generalized solution. We propose a dual contrastive learning (DCL) based framework to foster the transferability of representations across different tasks, it consists of two key components: firstly, we utilize global contrastive learning that intertwines a task-agnostic strategy for promoting a generalized embedding space; secondly, considering the domain shift from unseen distributions can compromise the quality of learned embeddings. We further incorporate a task-specific attention mechanism to enhance the adaptability of task-specific weight for various emerging tasks and ultimately reduce errors in generic representations. Experiments over various text datasets demonstrate that our work achieves superior performance and outperforms the current state-of-the-art methods.

pdf bib
MingOfficial: A Ming Official Career Dataset and a Historical Context-Aware Representation Learning Framework
You-Jun Chen | Hsin-Yi Hsieh | Yu Lin | Yingtao Tian | Bert Chan | Yu-Sin Liu | Yi-Hsuan Lin | Richard Tsai
Proceedings of the 2023 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing

In Chinese studies, understanding the nuanced traits of historical figures, often not explicitly evident in biographical data, has been a key interest. However, identifying these traits can be challenging due to the need for domain expertise, specialist knowledge, and context-specific insights, making the process time-consuming and difficult to scale. Our focus on studying officials from China’s Ming Dynasty is no exception. To tackle this challenge, we propose MingOfficial, a large-scale multi-modal dataset consisting of both structured (career records, annotated personnel types) and text (historical texts) data for 9,376 officials. We further couple the dataset with a a graph neural network (GNN) to combine both modalities in order to allow investigation of social structures and provide features to boost down-stream tasks. Experiments show that our proposed MingOfficial could enable exploratory analysis of official identities, and also significantly boost performance in tasks such as identifying nuance identities (e.g. civil officials holding military power) from 24.6% to 98.2% F1 score in hold-out test set. By making MingOfficial publicly available (see main text for the URL) as both a dataset and an interactive tool, we aim to stimulate further research into the role of social context and representation learning in identifying individual characteristics, and hope to provide inspiration for computational approaches in other fields beyond Chinese studies.


pdf bib
Improving Contextual Representation with Gloss Regularized Pre-training
Yu Lin | Zhecheng An | Peihao Wu | Zejun Ma
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: NAACL 2022

Though achieving impressive results on many NLP tasks, the BERT-like masked language models (MLM) encounter the discrepancy between pre-training and inference. In light of this gap, we investigate the contextual representation of pre-training and inference from the perspective of word probability distribution. We discover that BERT risks neglecting the contextual word similarity in pre-training. To tackle this issue, we propose an auxiliary gloss regularizer module to BERT pre-training (GR-BERT), to enhance word semantic similarity. By predicting masked words and aligning contextual embeddings to corresponding glosses simultaneously, the word similarity can be explicitly modeled. We design two architectures for GR-BERT and evaluate our model in downstream tasks. Experimental results show that the gloss regularizer benefits BERT in word-level and sentence-level semantic representation. The GR-BERT achieves new state-of-the-art in lexical substitution task and greatly promotes BERT sentence representation in both unsupervised and supervised STS tasks.

pdf bib
Controllable Fake Document Infilling for Cyber Deception
Yibo Hu | Yu Lin | Erick Skorupa Parolin | Latifur Khan | Kevin Hamlen
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2022

Recent works in cyber deception study how to deter malicious intrusion by generating multiple fake versions of a critical document to impose costs on adversaries who need to identify the correct information. However, existing approaches are context-agnostic, resulting in sub-optimal and unvaried outputs. We propose a novel context-aware model, Fake Document Infilling (FDI), by converting the problem to a controllable mask-then-infill procedure. FDI masks important concepts of varied lengths in the document, then infills a realistic but fake alternative considering both the previous and future contexts. We conduct comprehensive evaluations on technical documents and news stories. Results show that FDI outperforms the baselines in generating highly believable fakes with moderate modification to protect critical information and deceive adversaries.


pdf bib
SetConv: A New Approach for Learning from Imbalanced Data
Yang Gao | Yi-Fan Li | Yu Lin | Charu Aggarwal | Latifur Khan
Proceedings of the 2020 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP)

For many real-world classification problems, e.g., sentiment classification, most existing machine learning methods are biased towards the majority class when the Imbalance Ratio (IR) is high. To address this problem, we propose a set convolution (SetConv) operation and an episodic training strategy to extract a single representative for each class, so that classifiers can later be trained on a balanced class distribution. We prove that our proposed algorithm is permutation-invariant despite the order of inputs, and experiments on multiple large-scale benchmark text datasets show the superiority of our proposed framework when compared to other SOTA methods.