Yuning Jiang


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CapOnImage: Context-driven Dense-Captioning on Image
Yiqi Gao | Xinglin Hou | Yuanmeng Zhang | Tiezheng Ge | Yuning Jiang | Peng Wang
Proceedings of the 2022 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing

Existing image captioning systems are dedicated to generating narrative captions for images, which are spatially detached from theimage in presentation. However, texts can also be used as decorations on the image to highlight the key points and increase theattractiveness of images. In this work, we introduce a new taskcalled captioning on image (CapOnImage), which aims to generatedense captions at different locations of the image based on contextual information. To fully exploit the surrounding visual context togenerate the most suitable caption for each location, we propose amulti-modal pre-training model with multi-level pre-training tasksthat progressively learn the correspondence between texts and image locations from easy to difficult. Since the model may generateredundant captions for nearby locations, we further enhance thelocation embedding with neighbor locations as context. For thisnew task, we also introduce a large-scale benchmark called CapOnImage2M, which contains 2.1 million product images, each with anaverage of 4.8 spatially localized captions. Compared with other image captioning model variants, our model achieves the best resultsin both captioning accuracy and diversity aspects.


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Learning Visually-Grounded Semantics from Contrastive Adversarial Samples
Haoyue Shi | Jiayuan Mao | Tete Xiao | Yuning Jiang | Jian Sun
Proceedings of the 27th International Conference on Computational Linguistics

We study the problem of grounding distributional representations of texts on the visual domain, namely visual-semantic embeddings (VSE for short). Begin with an insightful adversarial attack on VSE embeddings, we show the limitation of current frameworks and image-text datasets (e.g., MS-COCO) both quantitatively and qualitatively. The large gap between the number of possible constitutions of real-world semantics and the size of parallel data, to a large extent, restricts the model to establish a strong link between textual semantics and visual concepts. We alleviate this problem by augmenting the MS-COCO image captioning datasets with textual contrastive adversarial samples. These samples are synthesized using language priors of human and the WordNet knowledge base, and enforce the model to ground learned embeddings to concrete concepts within the image. This simple but powerful technique brings a noticeable improvement over the baselines on a diverse set of downstream tasks, in addition to defending known-type adversarial attacks. Codes are available at