Haojie Zhang


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Better Pre-Training by Reducing Representation Confusion
Haojie Zhang | Mingfei Liang | Ruobing Xie | Zhenlong Sun | Bo Zhang | Leyu Lin
Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EACL 2023

In this work, we revisit the Transformer-based pre-trained language models and identify two different types of information confusion in position encoding and model representations, respectively. Firstly, we show that in the relative position encoding, the joint modeling about relative distances and directions brings confusion between two heterogeneous information. It may make the model unable to capture the associative semantics of the same distance and the opposite directions, which in turn affects the performance of downstream tasks. Secondly, we notice the BERT with Mask Language Modeling (MLM) pre-training objective outputs similar token representations (last hidden states of different tokens) and head representations (attention weightsof different heads), which may make the diversity of information expressed by different tokens and heads limited. Motivated by the above investigation, we propose two novel techniques to improve pre-trained language models: Decoupled Directional Relative Position (DDRP) encoding and MTH pre-training objective. DDRP decouples the relative distance features and the directional features in classical relative position encoding. MTH applies two novel auxiliary regularizers besides MLM to enlarge the dissimilarities between (a) last hidden states of different tokens, and (b) attention weights of different heads. These designs allow the model to capture different categories of information more clearly, as a way to alleviate information confusion in representation learning for better optimization. Extensive experiments and ablation studies on GLUE benchmark demonstrate the effectiveness of our proposed methods.

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Samsung Research China - Beijing at SemEval-2023 Task 2: An AL-R Model for Multilingual Complex Named Entity Recognition
Haojie Zhang | Xiao Li | Renhua Gu | Xiaoyan Qu | Xiangfeng Meng | Shuo Hu | Song Liu
Proceedings of the 17th International Workshop on Semantic Evaluation (SemEval-2023)

This paper describes our system for SemEval-2023 Task 2 Multilingual Complex Named EntityRecognition (MultiCoNER II). Our teamSamsung Research China - Beijing proposesan AL-R (Adjustable Loss RoBERTa) model toboost the performance of recognizing short andcomplex entities with the challenges of longtaildata distribution, out of knowledge base andnoise scenarios. We first employ an adjustabledice loss optimization objective to overcomethe issue of long-tail data distribution, which isalso proved to be noise-robusted, especially incombatting the issue of fine-grained label confusing. Besides, we develop our own knowledgeenhancement tool to provide related contextsfor the short context setting and addressthe issue of out of knowledge base. Experimentshave verified the validation of our approaches.